Climate change is a change in the usual weather found in a place. This could be a change in how much rain a place usually gets in a year. Or it could be a change in a place’s usual temperature for a month or season. Climate change is also a change in Earth’s climate. This could be a change in Earth’s usual temperature. Weather can change in just a few hours. Climate takes hundreds or even millions of years to change” (Dunbar, 2015). But each person can ask himself what are the ways to stop climate change. And many may think that nothing depends on them. However, human activities have been releasing additional heat-trapping gases, intensifying the natural greenhouse effect, thereby changing the Earth’s climate (Karl, Melillo, & Peterson, 2009). Some activities that increase the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, dumping waste in landfill and agriculture practices. Also natural factors contribute to the increased of global warming such as Volcanic activity and Solar output (Sullivan, H. (2019). The Earth’s climate depends on the functioning of a natural “greenhouse effect.” This effect is the result of heat-trapping gases (also known as greenhouse gases) like water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, which absorb heat radiated from the Earth’s surface and lower atmosphere and then radiate much of the energy back toward the Earth’s surface. Without this natural greenhouse effect, the average surface temperature of the Earth would be about 60°F colder. This process heats up the Earth.
The Potential Impacts Of Climate Change On The Biosphere
Due to these natural and human factors its causes global warming, thereby changing the earth’s climate over time. The effects of climate change are detrimental to the biosphere. The biosphere is the universal sum of total ecosystem or the zone of life for plants, animals and microbes on the Earth’s crust controlled by natural self-regulating system. Some effects on the biosphere are: include the melting of the ice mass at the poles, which in turn causes rising sea level, producing flooding and threatening coastal environments through which small island states risk disappearing entirely.
As the ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, seawater is becoming less alkaline through a process generally referred to as ocean acidification. All ways to help climate change are currently being studied by scientists. This means that we cannot know the current situation. It is essentially irreversible over a time scale of centuries and affects the process of calcification by which living things create shells and skeletons, with substantial negative consequences for coral reefs, mollusks, and some plankton species important to ocean food chains (Karl et al., 2009)
Solutions and ways to slow down climate change and important growths for all of humanity, scientists warned people fifty years ago. But we will begin to feel the real consequences today. The global increase in temperatures can influence the physical, biological and human systems. First, variations in the physical systems of the planet can be observed in the melting of the poles, which at the same time cause glacial regression, snow melting, warming and thawing of permafrost, flooding in rivers and lakes, droughts in rivers and lakes, coastal erosion, sea level rise and extreme natural phenomena. In the biological systems, there is death of flora and fauna in terrestrial and marine ecosystems, wildfires andflora and fauna displacement searching for better life conditions. In human systems, climate change affects and destroys crops and food production, causes disease and death, destruction and loss of economic livelihoods and migrations of climate refugees. As a conclusion climate change help is now critical. Interrelationships between the effects of climate change In addition, these negative consequences feed each other back and increase their magnitudes; for example: – Droughts frequently cause wildfires, which then destroy crops. – The melting of glaciers, snow and ice causes sea level rise, which erodes the coast and involves the destruction of many economic means of subsistence. – Droughts, rising sea levels, extreme natural phenomena and floods cause climate refugees.
A Real Example of the Climate Situation of the North Selangor Swamp Forest
A low-lying, flat, peat-swamp forest bordered on the eastern side by somewhat hillier land with oil palm and rubber plantations. In the northern part, the forest is crossed by Sungei Tengi. Much of the forest has already been extensively logged, but some virgin tracts remain. Freshwater swamp forest formerly occurred in the Sungei Tinggi area (Wyatt-Smith, 1963), but this has now disappeared. You can also find a number of other examples of the state of forests around the world in any climate change essay example. You can also clarify this in the about climate change essay. The swamp forests lie in the Kuala Selangor hydrological region, which is defined in general terms as having loose clayey and sandy deposits with the lowest category of potential water run-off (Goh, 1974). The soils are defined by Wong (1970) as being of the Inland Swamp Association. Peat depths of over 5.5m have been recorded in the Kuala Selangor area. In the deep peat areas, there is usually a metre or so of peaty water between the true fibrous peat and the alluvial clay below. Virtually the whole area has been classified in soil suitability class 4 (more than one serious limitation to crop growth and suitable for a very restricted range of agricultural and forest crops). At the edges of the area, the soil is classified in class 2 (moderate limitation to crop growth and suitable for a not too wide range of agricultural and forest crops), class 3 (one serious limitation to crop growth and suitable for a restricted range of agricultural and forest crops), and class 5 (at least one serious limitation to crop growth and best retained under forestry use).
Our students are very interested in this topic, and the most common question is how to prevent climate change essay, in which they study the issue in more detail.
Humid tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of less than 2,000 mm. The wettest months are April and October-December, the driest, January-February and July. The climate is generally equatorial, with rain from both the northeast and southwest monsoons, although the latter is mitigated by the mountains of Sumatra.
Forests not only affect climate, but climate affects forests. At the global level, increased carbon could potentially benefit forest growth in a “fertilization” scenario, but climate change could also result in a rise in temperatures and increased water stress, causing a decrease in forest growth. Studies in the Amazon basin predicts a “dieback” scenario, where a rise in temperature corresponds with a 10-20% reduction in rainfall, followed by change from forest ecosystems to savanna ecosystems. In this scenario, lower forest cover results in greater carbon emissions, less water retention, further drying, and a pernicious feedback cycle. Forest fires also alter the situation: fires induce drought and further emissions, although smoke facilitates cloud production and reduces surface temperatures. Some estimate the tipping point of this dieback scenario to occur when deforestation passes 40% of the Amazon basin (about double the present level). However, recent studies have found that rainforests may be more resilient to drought and changing climate, and may continue to store carbon longer.
Climate change also affects many threatened species dependent on tropical forests. Globally, temperatures are likely to rise faster in polar regions than in tropical regions, affecting vulnerable species such as polar bears. In the tropics, however, rare species and isolated populations are also threatened, especially ones in sensitive environments such as islands, scrublands and forest canopy. In extreme heat waves in tropical Australia from 2003 to 2006, scientists documented high mortality of flying foxes. Tropical mountains are also extremely vulnerable; in many tropical regions, climate patterns associated with elevation gradients define species distributions. In the tropical Andes and Central America, amphibians are especially vulnerable to changing temperatures and reduced cloud cover. The golden toad from Monteverde, Costa Rica, was the first extinction attributed to climate change, in the early 1990s. Since then, scientists have documented the probable extinction of dozens of species of harlequin frogs, attributed to a synergy of the chytrid fungal disease and climate change.
After receiving such an important information, each person can ask the question: what can i do to stop climate change, and each person will know exactly what to do. Then our society quickly solve the problem of global warming.
Many conservation programs address the issues of tropical forests and climate change through mitigation and adaption. The REDD+ mechanism is the primary payment for ecosystem service mechanisms that uses international funding to stem deforestation and prevent carbon emissions. Adaptation programs include agroforestry systems and community forestry which provide forest communities with a diversity of alternatives to ensure economic revenue, food security, and sustainable forest management.